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  1. My epigraph, to evoke pre-Cook Maori traditions and folklore, with the complementary inscription at the close of the chapter, are based on: Mackenzie, Donald A., 1930, Myths and Traditions of the South Sea Islanders. Andersen, Johannes C., 1928, Myths and Legends of the Polynesians; and, 1907, Maori Life in Ao-tea. Best, Elsden, 1925, Tuhoe, the Children of the Mist. Reed,A. W., 1963, A Treasury of Maori Folklore. And Buck, Peter, 1950, The Coming of the Maori.
  2. Cook I, p 154-157; Banks I, p 387.
  3. Instructions from the Admiralty, in Cook I, p cclxxix-cclxxiv.
  4. Brief accounts of the Tasman voyage and translations from the Dutch appeared in England in 1671 by John Ogilvie; and were included by Robert Hooke in the Philosophical Collections, published by the Royal Society of London in 1682, which contains a summary of a Dutch source. Cook (in I, p 299) referred to a "Dirk Rembrantse," whose Dutch abstract of Tasman appeared in An Account of several late Voyages and Discoveries, in 1694 and 1711. The Dalrymple version is mainly a reprint of the Hooke. Discussions of the sources available to the Admiralty and to Cook are in: McCormick, Eric H., 1959, Tasman and New Zealand--a Bibliographic Study; and, with the text of Tasman's complete journal, in Sharp, Andrew, 1968, The Voyages of Abel Tasman, p 341-346.
  5. My summary of the Tasman voyage is based on the complete Tasman journal in Sharp, ibid; at New Zealand, p 116, 122-123, 135; 116-147. See also Henderson, George, 1933, The Discovery of the Fiji Islands.
  6. Beaglehole, J. C ., 1968 (1966), The Exploration of the Pacific; chapter 6, "The Entry of the Dutch"; and chapter 7, "Tasman." see also Sharp, 1968, op. cit.
  7. Banks I, p 388-389; Cook I, p 158-159.
  8. For east-west distances, I use Bowditch, N., 1975, American Practical Navigator, vol. II, Table 6, "Length of a degree of Latitude and Longitude." North- south distances are 60 nautical miles per degree of latitude. Cook gives daily sailing distances. His rumination on what to do was on September 2.
  9. Various accounts of the storm are in Cook I, p 159-162. For my interpretations of storms both here and elsewhere I have consulted Steel, David, 1793, Seamanship; and also accounts of sea storms in the works of various authors, such as Francis Chichester, Joseph Conrad, Alexander Kent, Jack London, and Herman Melville. This was Messier's Comet, described by the French astronomer Charles Messier, a foreign member of the Royal Society, who discovered many comets.
  10. Banks I, p 391-394. Cook I, p 160.
  11. Banks I, p395, 396fn. Cook I, p 166.
  12. Banks I, p 396-398.
  13. Banks I, p 397-398. Cook I, p 167. For the date of the discovery and landing I have corrected for civil time and for the crossing of the international date line, then not yet established.
  14. I have simplified the geography of the river front, and interpreted the events from what seems reasonable in Banks I, p 399-400; Cook I, p 168-172; and Monkhouse, in Cook I, p 564-571. For a map where the events occurred see Williams, William L., 1888, "On the Visit of Captain Cook to Poverty Bay and Tolaga Bay," Transactions of the New Zealand Institute, 21: p 389-397.
  15. Cook I, p 169fn.
  16. Ibid., p 171.
  17. Morton's 'hints' in ibid., p 514-519.
  18. Ibid., p 172-173, ccxxv.
  19. Banks I, p 406-408; Cook I, p 173-174, 571-574.
  20. Cook I, p 575-576.
  21. Banks II, p 11.
  22. Cook I, p 578.
  23. Banks I, p 412-413; Cook I, p 177-179, 579-580.
  24. Banks I, p 414.
  25. Ibid., p 415-518; Cook I, 181-183, 584-587.
  26. Mackay, A., 1966, Historic Poverty Bay and the East Coast, p 51, 56.
  27. Polack, Joel S., 1838, New Zealand: Being a Narrative of Travels and Adventures..., II, p 135 passim.
  28. Banks I, p 418-421; Cook I, p185-188,28-283.
  29. Ibid., p 281.
  30. Banks I, p 424.
  31. Cook I, p 203.
  32. Ibid., p 169.
  33. Ibid., p 198-201; Banks I, p 431-433; II, p 31-32.
  34. Bagnall, Austin E., and Petersen, G. C., 1948, William Colenso...His Life and Journeys, p 462. White, John, 1887-90, Ancient History of the Maoris, VI (?), p 121-130.
  35. Banks I, p 434-437; Cook I, p 205-210.
  36. Cook I, p 210.
  37. Banks I, p 438-446; Cook I, p 211-220.
  38. On du Fresne, see Cook I, p 218fn; II, p 656fn. An account of the Marion du Fresne tragedy in: Roth, E. Ling, 1891, Crozet's Voyages to Tasmania, New Zealand, the Ladrone Islands, and the Philippines in the years 1771-1772, p 51-58; and Buffet, Henri, F., 1943, "L'Explorateur Port-Louisien Julien Crozet," Société d'Histoire et d'Archéologie de Bretagne, Mémoire 23: p 41-66. For Darwin's dealings with the whalers, see his letter in Keynes, Richard D., editor, 1979, The Beagle Record, p 335-339. The Darwin quote in Darwin, C., 1962 (1860), The Voyage of the Beagle (Anchor), p 424; contributing money, personal communication from James R. Moore.
  39. Banks I, p 446-448; Cook I, p 220-222.
  40. My estimate of the positions of the two ships is based on a comparison of the two journals of Cook and Surville for December 16, 1769, in Cook I, p 223-224; and of Surville in Dunmore, John, 1981, The Expedition of the St. Jean-Baptiste to the Pacific, 1769-1770 (Hakluyt), p 135.
  41. Dunmore, ibid., p 1-45, passim; and Cook II, p 656-657.
  42. Banks I, p 448-449.
  43. Cook I, p 224, 229"See also Sharp, 1968, op. cit"I am grateful to Phil DeHaas, of the National Cartographic Information Center in Reston, Virginia, for the present-day reckonings: Cape Maria van Diemen--34º28'S, 172º38'E; and Cape Muriwhena (North Cape)--34º24'30"S, 173º3'E.
  44. See Sharp, 1968, op. cit., p 139, passim; Banks II, p 2fn.
  45. Banks I, p 451-454; Cook I, p 231-234.
  46. Banks I, p 454-455; Cook I, p 235-237.
  47. Banks I, p 454, 456-457; II, p 34.
  48. Cook I, p 238.
  49. Banks I, p 462.
  50. Cook I, p 242-243.
  51. Banks I, p 462-463.
  52. Cook I, p 249-250.
  53. Banks I, p 467-469; Cook I, p 252-255.
  54. Banks I, p 470-471; Cook I, p 256-269.(?)
  55. Banks I, p 471-472; Cook I, p 259-263.
  56. Banks I, p 472-475; Cook I, p 262-271.
  57. Cook I, p 274.
  58. Ibid., p 275-276"From Cape Maria van Diemen along the west coast to as high as latitude 36º15'S, he said, and, save for the neighborhood of Cape Terawhite, near the entrance to Wellington Harbor, which he missed, and portions of the coastline from Entry Island (now Kapiti Island) to Cape Palliser, "might differ something from the truth." And he regretted not seeing all of the coast between Cape Saunders (near Dunedin) and Southwest Cape, where he was driven far off to the east.
  59. Roth, E. Ling, 1891, op. cit. (#38 supra), p 22.
  60. Cook I, p 290.
  61. Banks II, p 21-22, 13; Cook I, p 281-283.
  62. Ibid., p 288.
  63. Ibid., p 282.
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