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1 January, 1771


On 1 January, 1771, James Cook wrote “At 5 AM weigh'd with the wind at NW and stood to the SW between the Island Thwart the Way and Sumatra, the wind soon after coming to the westward we stood over for the Java shore. At Noon the South point of Peper Bay bore SWBS and Anger point NE½E distant 2 Leagues. Tackd and stood to the NW”.


Joseph Banks wrote “I had been unacountably troubled with Musquitos ever since we left Batavia, and still imagin’d that they increasd instead of decreasing, although my opinion was universaly thought improbable; today however the mystery was discoverd, for on getting up water today, Dr Solander who happned to stand near the scuttle cask observd an infinite number of them in their water state in it, who as soon as the sun had a little effect upon the water began to come out in real Effective mosquetos incredibly fast”.


Krakatoa is the volcanic island that exploded on 26 August, 1883.

The scuttle was a small hatchway through the ship’s deck.  This cask was kept next to it.

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