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Life in the Royal Navy (1755-1767)



Jun. 7 Tue. Volunteered for the Royal Navy at Wapping.


Jan. 22 Thu. Promoted to Boatswain at £4 per month.
Feb.     In hospital.
Mar. 13 Sat. Sails in H.M.S. Eagle for Cape Barfleur, Cherbourg Peninsula.
  19 Fri. Arrives Cherbourg and off Brittany Coast.
Apr. 4 Sun. Joins British Squadron of 3 ships and 2 cutters.
  5 Mon. Takes command of cutter.
  6 Tue. Off Morlaix.
  6 Thu. Off Tragoz Rocks.
  21 Wed. Boards H.M.S. Falmouth to return to Plymouth.
  27 Tue. Transfers to H.M.S. St. Albans.
  30 Fri. Sails for Ushant.
May 3 Mon. Rejoins H.M.S. Eagle.
  20 Thu. In Bay of Biscay. Eagle takes two prize ships. Takes command of one - the Triton - to return to Plymouth.
      In Plymouth with the Triton.
Jun.     Takes the Triton to London.
Jul. 1 Thu. Rejoins H.M.S. Eagle at Plymouth - refitting.
Aug. 4 Wed. Sails from Plymouth. Convoy work in the Channel and off Ushant.
Nov.   Thu. Returns to Plymouth.
Dec. 29 Wed. Sails from Plymouth.


Jan. 4 Tue. Off Isle of Wight. In storm. Returns to Spithead and then Plymouth.
  30 Sun. Sails from Plymouth to Bay of Biscay.
Apr. l5 Fri. Returns to Plymouth.
May 25 Wed. Sails from Plymouth.
  30 Mon. In action S.W. of Ushant. In company with H.M.S. Medway engages French East Indiaman Duc d’Aquitaine, which is dismasted and towed to Plymouth
Jun. 29 Wed. At Trinity House, Deptford. Passes examination and qualifies as Master.
  30 Thu. Discharged from H.M.S. Eagle and becomes Master of frigate, H.M.S. Solebay (Captain Robert Craig).
Jul.     Probably at home in Yorkshire.
  30 Sat. Joins H.M.S. Solebay at Leith, Firth of Forth.
Aug. 2 Tue. Sails from Leith to Stoneham, Buchan Ness, Copinsay (Orkneys), Fair Isle and Lerwick.
  9 Tue. At Lerwick.
  19 Fri. At Stromness.
  end   Returns to Leith.
Sep. ?7 Wed. Discharged from H.M.S. Solebay.
Oct. 18 Tue. Appointed master of Ship of the Line, H.M.S. Pembroke (Captain James Simcoe).
  27 Thu. Joins H.M.S. Pembroke at Portsmouth.
Dec. 8 Thu. Sails from Portsmouth into Bay of Biscay and Cape Finisterre.


Feb. 9 Thu. Returns to Portsmouth.
  22 Wed. Sails from Plymouth with Fleet under Admiral Boscawen for North America, calls at Tenerife, Bermuda.
May 9 Tue. Arrives Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Jun. 7 Wed. Sails for Louisburg, Cape Breton Island.
  12 Mon. Arrives Louisburg.
      Out at sea because of storms.
Jul. 26 Wed. Louisburg surrenders.
  27 Thu. Lands at Kennington Cove. Meets Samuel Holland, engineer with General Wolfe.
  28 Fri. Receives instruction from Holland on surveying.
Aug. 3 Thu. At Louisburg.
  28 Mon. Sails from Louisburg for the Gulf of St. Lawrence and Bay of Gaspé.
Sep.     Surveys Gaspé Harbour.
Oct. 2 Mon. Returns to Louisburg.
Nov. 14 Tue. Sails for Halifax.
  19 Sun. Arrives at Halifax for the winter.


Jan.     Works with Holland on charts of the St. Lawrence, Newfoundland and sailing directions for the Cape Breton area.
May 5 Sat. Sails from Halifax for Quebec.
  7 Mon. Encounters sea-ice for the first time.
  16 Wed. Assists with burial of Captain Simcoe at Anticosti Island. Captain John Wheelock succeeds to HMS Pembroke.
  19 Sat. In the St. Lawrence Estuary.
  20 Sun. Arrives Barnaby Island.
Jun. 5 Fri. Arrives at The Traverse (Ile d’Orleans), near Quebec.
  25 Mon. Navigates through The Traverse.
  27 Wed. In the Quebec Basin.
Jul. 7 Sat. Anchors at Port Lewis for blockade of Quebec.
  18 Wed. Up river - sounding channels.
Sep. 11 Tue. Laying buoys in channel at Beauport.
  18 Tue. Quebec surrenders. May have landed in ship’s boat. Appointed Master of HMS Northumberland (Captain Lord Colville).
  23 Sun. Takes up appointment on HMS Northumberland.
Oct. end   At Halifax for the winter. Commences surveying Halifax Harbour.


Apr. 22 Tue. Sails for Quebec.
  24 Thu. Stuck in ice.
May 12 Mon. In ice-field.
  18 Sun. Arrives at Quebec.
Summer     Support for military operations in Quebec, Montreal, Ontario area.
Sep. 7 Sun. Canada surrenders.
Oct. 10 Fri. Sails from Quebec.
  25 Sat. Arrives at Halifax. HMS Northumberland remains here until August 1762.


      HMS Northumberland careened and overhauled. Cook pursues his appointment as Master of the ship, and probably did some surveying.


Aug. 10 Tue. Sails for Placentia, Newfoundland.
      Arrives Placentia and sails for St. John’s
Sep.     Off Bay Bulls - charting.
  13 Mon. Helps transports to land troops north of St. John’s.
  19 Sun. Arrives at St. John’s. Makes soundings, and surveys Harbour Grace and Carbonear.
Oct. 7 Thu. Sails from St. John’s for England.
  26 Tue. Arrives at Spithead. Cook at work on ship.
Dec. 3 Fri. The Seven Years War ends,
  5 Wed. Paid off. Cook quickly presents to the Lords of The Admiralty his draughts and observations made during the war in N. America.
  21 Tue. Marries Elizabeth Batts, aged 21, at St. Mary’s Parish Church, Barking, Essex.


Jan. - Mar.     In lodgings at Shadwell. Visits the Tower of London to consult with the Ordnance Office, and purchases surveying instruments to the value of £68 11s. 8d.
Apr. 19 Tue. Appointed Surveyor in Newfoundland at 10s.0d. per day.
May 4 Wed. Joins HMS Antelope, as Supernumary, in Plymouth Sound.
  15 Sun. Sails for Newfoundland.
Jun. 11 Sat. Arrives Cape Race and Trepassey Harbour.
  13 Mon. Joins HMS Tweed to survey St. Pierre and Miquelon Islands.
Jul. 3 Sun. Completes survey of St. Pierre and moves to Langley and Miquelon Isles.
  12 Tue. Completes Langley (Petite Miquelon) Island and moves to Grand Miquelon.
  25 Mon. Completes Dunne Harbour (now Grand Barachois).
  31 Sun. Completes Miquelon. The Islands now handed over to the French.
Aug.     Aboard HMS Tweed to Ferryland and St. John’s. Joins HMS Grenville and sails for North Newfoundland. Surveys Quirpon, Noddy Harbour and York Harbour (Labrador Coast).
Sep. end   Returns to St. John’s and sails from there in HMS Tweed for home.
Nov. 29 Tue. Arrives Spithead. Sees son, James, born 13th. October, and buys house; No.7, Assembly Row, Stepney: later 88, Mile End Road.


Mar.     Corresponds with Hugh Palliser about maps, fishing rights and territorial limits of Newfoundland.
Apr. 18 Wed. Appointed master of HMS Grenville at £4 per month.
May 7 Mon. Sails in HMS Lark from Portsmouth.
Jul. 14 Thu. Joins HMS Grenville at St. John’s.
  4 Wed. Leaves St. John’s.
  5 Thu. Arrives Carouge Harbour.
  14 Sat. At Sacred Bay and Onion Cape (Cap d’Ognon).
  21 Sat. At Pistolet Bat.
Aug. 2 Thu. Off Cape Norman.
  3 Fri. Goes ashore.
  6 Mon. At Noddy Harbour. Exploding powder horn injures right hand.
Sep. 14 Fri. At St. Genevieve Bay.
  28 Fri. At St. Margaret Bay, Point Ferrol. Small boat damaged.
Oct. 1 Mon. Sails along N. and E. coast to St. John’s.
  14 Sun. Arrives St. John’s.
Nov. 1 Thu. Sails from St. John’s for winter at home.
Dec. 4 Tue. Arrives Cutwater, Plymouth.
  12 Wed. At Woolwich. HMS Grenville to be overhauled at Deptford.
  14 Fri. At home. Second son, Nathaniel, is born same day.


Apr. 28 Sun. Sails in HMS Grenville from the Downs for Newfoundland.
Jun. 2 Sun. Arrives Great St. Lawrence Harbour, Placentia Bay.
  12 Wed. Into Fortune Bay, Bay of Despair, Lawn Bay, Lamaline Islands and Harbour Breton.
Jul. 14 Fri. At Great Garnish.
  21 Fri. Grenville’s brig runs ashore.
Sep. 25 Wed. At Ship Cove, overhauls ship.
Oct. 10 Thu. Sails from Ship Cove for St. John’s.
  20 Sun. Arrives St. John’s.
Nov. 5 Tue. Sails from St. John’s for England.
Dec. 17 Sun. Arrives Deptford.


      Prepares charts and sailing directions for Labrador and Newfoundland for publication. Corresponds with Admiralty about next survey and requirements for it.
Apr. 20 Sun. Sails from Deptford in HMS Grenville for Newfoundland.
May 29 Thu. Off Cape Race.
Jun. 1 Sun. At Bonne Bay.
  7 Sat. At Facheux Bay.
  17 Tue. Off Cape La Hune, Penguin Islands.
  27 Fri. In Cape Cove.
Jul.     At Fox Island, Cape Cove and Ramea Islands.
  17 Thu.  
  to   White Bay.
  22 Tue.  
  23 Wed. Grandy’s Cove, Burgec Islands.
Aug. 5 Tue. Observes eclipse of Sun on Eclipse Island, Burgeo Islands.
      In Connoire Bay.
  6 Sat.  
  to   Tweed’s Harbour (Cinq Cerf Bay).
  28 Tue.  
Sep. 10 Wed.  
  to   Port Aux Basques, Cape Ray, Codroy Road, Cape Anguille.
  23 Tue.  
Oct. 20 Mon. La Poile Bay; sails for St. John’s.
Oct. 27 Mon. Arrives St. John’s. (Joseph Banks was here at this time).
Nov. 4 Tue. Sails for England.
  23 Sun. Off Beachy Head.


      Prepares charts and observations on eclipse for publication. Corresponds with Admiralty about astronomical instruments.
Apr. 1 Wed. Sails in HMS Grenville for Newfoundland.
  5 Sun. Involved in collision.
  10 Fri. Leaves Woolwich.
May 9 Sat. Off Cape Race.
  15 Fri. In Codroy Road.
      Surveys in St. George’s Bay (meets Mickmak Indians), Cape St. George, Red Island, Port au Port.
Jun. 5 Fri. At East Bay.
  15 Mon. At Fox Island.
  29 Mon. In Bay of (Three) Islands. (He called them Pearl, Tweed and Guernsey).
Jul. 7 Tue. At Bonne Bay.
  24 Fri. At Ingornachoix Bay, at Old Port au Choix.
Aug. 25 Tue. At Twin Islands.
  31 Mon. York Harbour, in Bay of Islands.
Sep. 24 Thu. Leaves Bay of Islands.
Oct. 14 Wed. Arrives St. John’s.
  23 Fri. Leaves St. John’s.
Nov. 8 Sun. Off Isle of Wight.
  9 Mon. At Deal.
  10 Tue. Off The Nore. (Runs aground).
  11 Wed. Floats off and anchors off Sheerness.
  15 Sun. Arrives at Deptford. Goes home and works on charts and sailing directions during the winter of 1767-1768.



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Drew, thank you for your interesting enquiry. Britain gained control of Newfoundland from the French, in accordance with the Treaty of Paris (1763). The entire North shore of the island was called the "French Shore" where French fishermen could continue to live and fish. So when Cook was asked to survey the coasts of Newfoundland, he omitted most of the North Shore, as it was not used by the British. So I was intrigued to see that the name had changed in the 23 years between the maps of 1752 and 1775. In fact I have a map of 1770 published by the Admiralty and based largely on Cook's survey, which also shows Clode Sound. But I cannot offer any explanation of why the name was changed, that remains to be discovered. The list of crew who helped Cook to survey Newfoundland with Cook is known. The crew did not include anybody called Clode.
Good Luck in finding the answer to the mystery.
By Cliff Thornton on 1/16/2019 8:39:40 PM Like:1 DisLike:0
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I asked the St John's Newfoundland public library if they had any clue as to why Clode Sound, NL, was so named. My surname will explain my curiosity!
I heard back thus:
I was unable to find anything to explain the origins of Clode Sound. However, there are clues on some of the older maps in our collection.

1) James Cook's "A general chart of the island of NEWFOUNDLAND : with the rocks and soundings / drawn from surveys taken by order of the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of the Admirality
by James Cook and Michael Lane, surveyors, and others" (1775). This chart lis the earliest one I have come across to label the body of water Clode Sound.

2) Emmanual Bowen's "A new & accurate map of the islands of Newfoundland, Cape Breton, St. John and Anticosta : [cartographic material] together with the neighbouring countries of Nova Scotia, Canada, &c. drawn
from the most approved modern maps and charts and regulated by Astronl. observatns" (1752). This chart has the Sound labelled "Kork Bay"

3) Jacques Nicolas Bellin's 1764 chart "Carte Reduite du Grand Banc et d'une Partie de 'Isle de Terre Neuve" identifies it as B. de Korek.

4) Antonio Zatta's 1778 map "e Isole di Terra Nuova e Capo Breton, di nuova projezione" labels the area Cork Baja.

How Cork Bay became Clode Sound I have no idea. I will keep an eye out for additional information and email you if anything comes up.

Are you aware of any history concerning Capt Cook and Clode Sound, or if anyone by that name ever sailed with him? The change from Kork Bay (or derivative) to Clode Sound does seem abrupt and mysterious!

Best wishes,

Drew Clode
By Drew Clode on 1/16/2019 12:44:53 PM Like:0 DisLike:0
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Researching DesBarres J.F.W 'Harbour and bay of Gaspe, Canada 'dated London 1778 map from Atlantic Neptune atlas and fascinated to find out that Cook did in fact survey Gaspe harbour in Sept 1758, which I assume was used in the original Atlas publication. Are you able to confirm this fact?
By Nigel Ingrouille on 9/14/2017 6:51:22 PM Like:0 DisLike:0
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Very helpful for my school project.

By on 12/21/2016 2:36:45 AM Like:1 DisLike:0
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Brian, according to the ship's log the Grenville ran onto a rock after turning into the mouth of Long Harbour. It took a while to get the ship afloat, after which they moored in a small cove whilst the ship was checked. This cove is thought to be the present day Anderson's Cove. Extracts from the log of the Grenville can be found in John Robson's book (2009) "Captain Cook's War and Peace, 1755-1768."
By Cliff Thornton on 1/12/2016 3:34:39 PM Like:0 DisLike:0
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The Grenville ran aground July 21st 1765 not very far from my hometown in Newfoundland. Using depth charts
I have come to an educated guess as to the exact location. However, without the logbook entries I cannot tell exactly where or the circumstances surrounding the grounding and subsequent refloating. Any help would be greatly appreciated.

Thank You.
By Brian Mullins on 1/11/2016 5:58:36 PM Like:0 DisLike:0
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Shannon, you can check out the Cook family tree on-line. Go to http://www.winthrop.dk/cooktree.html and see if you can trace the link that your grandma told you about. You can find out more about Captain Cook by looking through the pages on this website.
By Cliff Thornton on 5/26/2015 9:26:44 AM Like:0 DisLike:0
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I would like to know more about James cook he is a relative on my grandmas side of my family which is awesome.
By Shannon brockton on 5/25/2015 6:55:53 AM Like:0 DisLike:0
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Very well presented. Need to consult map (google) with regard to place names. My first visit to your site.
By Ron Carter on 9/9/2013 2:10:44 AM Like:1 DisLike:0
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This website is full of cool and interesting facts about Captain Cook. Please take your time to conduct some of your research one our many pages.
Ian Boreham, Webmaster
By Administrator on 8/29/2013 10:46:42 PM Like:1 DisLike:0

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