On 4 April, Pickersgill wrote, “The People at their own disposal being Sunday”. Forster noted, “We had now drawn 19 birds, 3 fish, 1 Seal & 5 plants & we had described 19 birds, three fish 1 Seal & 6 plants, & we long for nothing else but fine weather”.
The next day, Pickersgill “Got Beer on board for the People and stop’d their Spirits. This Beer I think a pleasant drink. The People seem fond of it”. First Lieutenant Robert Palliser Cooper wrote, “Ship’d a Tent on shore for the Sailmakers to repair the Sails in, the constant Rain preventing them doing it on board”. Forster complained, “my hands are now so much swelled from the Stings of the Sandfly, that I can hardly hold the pen, & have great pain in them, & can pull my Jacket with difficulty off. I was advised to put my hands before night into warm water & I followed this Advice & went thereupon to bed, but I fell into a fever & could not sleep all night”.
On 6 April, Forster wrote, “Capt Cook went out a surveying & I went with my Son & Mr Hodges the painter accompanied him; we went about 2 Leagues, when we entered a spacious long Cove with fine fish, & plenty of fresh-water brooks, one of which at the entrance in a small cove at the left hand formed a most beautiful Cascade”. Cook noted “the Shores are so steep that a ship may lie near enough to convey ye Water into her with a hose. In this Cove we shott fourteen Ducks which occasioned my naming it Duck Cove”, Resolution Island.
Going back to the ship, they came across a man and two women. Cook wrote, “the man seemed rather afraid when we approached the Rock with our Boat, he however stood firm. I threw him a shore two handkerchiefs but he did not descend the Rock to take them up. At length I landed went up and imbraced him”. According to Forster, Cook “shook hands with him... & nosed him, which is a mark of the friendship among these people”. Cook added, “the Gentlemen that were with me and some of the Seamen... spent half an hour in chitchat which was little understood on either side”. Forster considered “as edifying as great many which are usual in the politer circles of civilized nations”.
The next day, the party visited the family whose “habitation or hut on the hill”, wrote Forster, “was made of flags of the Flaxplant covered with bark”. During this stay, wrote Cook, “Mr Hodges made drawens of them which occasioned them to give him the name of Toetoe”, probably from the Māori word Tuhituhi, to paint or draw. The man “expressed a desire for one of our Boat Cloaks, I took the hint and ordered one to be made for him of red Baize”.
On 8 April, Cook “presented the chief with the Cloak with which he seemed well please and took his Patta-pattou [hand club] from his girdle and gave it me”. According to Forster, Samuel Gibson the marine corporal who had sailed in Endeavour and spoke “the Otahataite-language better than any one man in the Ship, talked with them, but they did not understand him, nor he them".
On 11 April, Cooper wrote, “The Indians came close to the Ship in their Canoe & Convers’d with one of our people who understands their Language”. Cook “took Mr Hodges to a large Cascade which falls down a high mountain on the South side of the Bay... He took a drawing of it on Paper and afterwards painted it in oyle Colours which exhibits at one view a better discription of it than I can give... I named [it] Cascade Cove”. Cooper wrote, “Some of the officers [went] on a Shooting Party”.
The next day, Cook, “went in the Pinnace, accompanied by Mr Forster to survey the Isles and Rocks which lie in the mouth of the Bay... I returned aboard about 8 o’Clock in the evening and the next morning set out again to continue the Survey... I rowed out to Sea and round the SW end of Anchor” Island.
On 14 April, Forster wrote, “it rained all day long: my Son drew & I wrote & finished some Descriptions. The next day Pickersgill wrote, “The Captain and 3rd Lieut went away with the Pinnace and small cutter” to continue the survey.
On 19 April, two members of the Māori family went aboard the ship. Forster commented, “They asked the Capt where he slept & when he saw the Cot slung, he was mightily pleased with it”. Cook “set out with two Boats to examine the head of the Bay, my self in one accompanied by the two Mr Forsters and Mr Hodges and Lieutt Cooper in the other”. They passed Cooper Island. “Without meeting any thing remarkable we reached the head of the Bay by sunset where we took up our quarters for the night”. Forster noted, we “prepared a Supper by broiling some fish & some fowl”. Hence the name Supper Cove. In the morning, Cook heard some “natives in the Woods” and later “saw two men on the opposite side of the Bay hollowing to us, this induced me to row over to them... we saluted each other [and] peace seemed firmly established”. Cook continued his survey, arriving back at the ship at “8 o’Clock at night”.
On 21 April, Wales wrote, “Capt Cook informed me that it was necessary to get my things on board the Ship, as he intended to haul Off into a convenient place & go away the first Opportunity”. Cook “went with a party a Seal hunting... we killed Ten, these animals serve us for three purposes, the skins we use for our rigging, the fatt makes oyle for our lamps and the flesh we eat”.
On 27 April, Cook “set out in the Pinnace, accompanied by the two Mr Forsters and Mr Pickersgill, to examine the arm or Inlet [Acheron Passage] I left unexplored when I was at the head of the Bay... I found it to communicate with the Sea, and to offer a better outlet for Ships bound to the northward than the one we cane in by”.
On 29 April, Pickersgill “Got off the Tents and everything from the Shore”. According to Forster, “When we were at dinner the wind shifted, we cast off the hawser, & weighed the anchor & set sail”. Little progress was made over the next few days due to calm weather.
On 4 May, Forster wrote, “The Capt fell... ill with a fever, & a pain in the groin which terminated in a rheumatic selling in the blade of the right foot caused by a cold contracted by wading too frequently in the water & sitting too cold & wet in the boat”.
By 5 May, the ship was at the south end of Acheron Passage. By 6 May, Pickersgill was able to write, “anchor’d under a Point about mile from the Sea at the Outermost End of this Northern Passage, steadyed with a Hawser to the Shore”. According to Forster, “The Capt wanted to go & survey the one Arm we had passed but as he saw the weather was not too favourable & as he was not yet recovered from his rheumatic pain in the leg: he sent Lieut Pickersgill upon that Expedition & I & my Son went along with him... we went up this Arm till it was quite dark... unfortunately it began to rain & wetted us to the skin”. Cook named it Wet Jacket Arm.
It was not until 11 May, that Cook was able to write, “we got under sail with a light breeze at SE and stood out to Sea. [Breaksea Island] is the outermost on the South Point of the entrance to the Bay”. Forster added that they had “been 6 weeks & 4 days in harbour; & there pretty well refreshed with fish, fowl, & Sprucebeer”.
Cook “directed my Course along shore for Queen Charlottes Sound where I expected to find the Adventure. In this passage we met with nothing remarkable or worthy of note till Monday the 17th at 4 oClock in the afternoon being then about 3 Leagues to the Westward of Cape Stephens, having a gentle gale at West by South and clear weather. The Wind at once flattned to a Calm and the Sky became sudanly obscured by dark dense clouds which occasioned us to clew up all our sails and presently after Six Water Spouts were seen... some of our people said they saw a Bird in the one near us which was whirl’d round like the fly of a Jack as it was carried upwards... some of these Spouts appear’d at times to be stationary and at other times to have a quick but very unequal progressive motion and always in a crooked line”.
On 18 May, Cook wrote, “we were the length of Point Jackson at the entrance of Queen Charlottes Sound and soon after we discovered the Adventure in Ship Cove by the Signals she made”.